is a Psychiatrist?
psychiatrist is a medical physician
who specializes in the diagnosis,
treatment, and prevention of mental
illnesses, including substance abuse
and addiction. Psychiatrists are uniquely
qualified to assess both the mental
and physical aspects of psychological
disturbance. Their medical education
has given them a full working knowledge
of the many causes for a patient’s
feelings and symptoms. Armed with
this understanding, psychiatrists
can make a complete, accurate diagnosis
and then recommend or provide treatment.
do people go to a psychiatrist?
seek psychiatric help for many reasons.
Life's usual round of trials may become
overwhelming. Relationships may become
troubled, or the pangs of anxiety
- easily dismissed before as simple
"nerves" - may grow sharper
and last longer. The fresh-faced young
newcomer down the hall at work may
seem to threaten a secure job, and
headaches may start to come literally
one after the other. The emotions
that arise in reaction to everyday
stresses and strains may blow badly
out of proportion, or may be strangely
absent. Eating may become a refuge,
and sleep may begin to seem either
irresistible or elusive. Alcohol or
drug use may get out of control.
problems can be sudden, such as a
panic attack or as frightening hallucinations,
thoughts or suicide, or "voices"
that whisper intrusive and incomprehensible
things. Or they may be more long-term-such
as a pall of gloom that never seems
to lift, causing everyday life to
feel distorted, out of control, not
do psychiatrists tell what is wrong
with their patients?
they are physicians, psychiatrists
can order or perform a full range
of medical laboratory and psychological
tests that provide a complete picture
of a patient's physical and mental
state. Their education and years of
clinical experience equip them to
understand the complex relationship
between emotional and other medical
illnesses, evaluate all the medical
and psychological data, make a diagnosis,
and develop a treatment plan.
does one become a psychiatrist?
person wanting to become a psychiatrist
must complete high school and college
before entering medical school. While
there is no requirement for a particular
major, college students headed for
medical school take required courses
in the biological and physical sciences
(general and organic chemistry, physics,
biology, mathematics) as well as liberal
arts courses. The prospective psychiatrist
may also study social and psychological
sciences and psychobiology. Most psychiatrists
and other physicians feel that a liberal
arts college education is the best
preparation for medical school.
students follow a standard curriculum,
with only a few opportunities for
choice. In addition to chemistry,
biochemistry and physiology, students
take courses in psychiatry, behavioral
science, and neuroscience in the first
two years of medical school. In the
last two years, students are assigned
to medical specialty "clerkships,"
where they study and work with physicians
in at least five different medical
specialties. Medical students taking
a psychiatry clerkship take care of
patients with mental illnesses in
the hospital and in outpatient settings.
They also have an opportunity to work
with medical and surgical patients
who may have psychiatric problems
or who have difficulty coping with
their illnesses. Because modern psychiatry
places special emphasis on the relationship
between mind and body, students pay
special attention to issues of stress
and physical illness, prevention and
behavior change, in addition to learning
to care for severely mentally ill
patients. Newly graduated physicians
take written examinations for a state
license to practice medicine. After
graduation, doctors spend the first
year of residency training in a hospital
taking care of patients with a wide
range of medical illnesses. The psychiatrist-in-training
then spends at least three additional
years in a psychiatric residency learning
the diagnosis and treatment of mental
illnesses, gaining valuable skills
in various forms of psychotherapy
and in the use of psychiatric medicines
and other treatments.
completing their residency training,
most psychiatrists take a voluntary
examination given by the American
Board of Psychiatry and Neurology,
to become a "board certified"
psychiatrists become "sub specialists?"
Many psychiatrists continue training
beyond the initial four years. They
may study child and adolescent psychiatry,
geriatric psychiatry, forensic (legal)
psychiatry, administrative psychiatry,
alcohol and substance abuser psychiatry,
emergency psychiatry, psychiatry in
general medical settings (called "consultation/liaison
psychiatry"), mental retardation
psychiatry, community psychiatry and
public health, military psychiatry
and psychiatric research. Some choose
additional training in psychoanalysis
at special psychoanalytic institutes.
do psychiatrists work?
of a continued shortage in the field,
psychiatrists have many career opportunities.
They work in a variety of settings
including general and psychiatric
hospitals, university medical centers,
community agencies, courts and prisons,
nursing homes, industry, government,
military settings, schools and universities,
rehabilitation programs, emergency
rooms, hospices, and many other places.
is mental illness?
Mental illness is an illness that
affects or is manifested in a person's
brain. It may impact on the way a
person thinks, behaves, and interacts
with other people. Each year in the
United States, one in five adults
is diagnosed with a mental illness.
What are the common
misunderstandings about addiction?
- Addicts are bad,
misbehaved, lazy or useless people
- Addicts should
not be treated unless they are
violent or fall in gutters and
create problems in social setting
- People who do
not abuse/drink continuously,
that is throughout the day, don't
have a problem
- People who are
into substance abuse can be left
alone if they earn well and work
- Alcohol, ganja
are used in festivals, while cough
syrups etc. are medicines, therefore
they can be consumed without any
- Alcohol improves
appetite and sexual libido
- Smoking filtered
cigarette and drinking foreign
liquor is fashionable and an occupational
hospitalization always necessary?
if the person has a previous history
of seizure, delirium or any such complications.
Addicts require compulsory hospital
admission for physical sickness such
as blood pressure, liver or heart
AA is Alcoholics Anonymous, a self-help
group started by and for the alcoholics.
NA is Narcotics Anonymous, a self-help
group for users of narcotic drugs
like brown sugar, charas, ganja, cocaine
These groups have free membership,
they provide anonymity and a sense
of belonging to their members.
is the role of family members?
of family members/caregivers in helping
the addict is very crucial.
need to accept that the addict
is ill, and should accompany him
for treatment like any other patient
need to play a remedial role as
prescribed by the counsellor
their thinking, feeling and behaviour
patterns is necessary
is important to play a vigilant
role in case the patient slips
back to addiction
family should try and lead a normal
life within the circumstances
is not merely abstinence from the
substance but a qualitative change
in attitude regarding self, others
and the world. It also includes a
sense of self-development and effort
towards active reinstatement of self
in the social mainstream.
an addict lead a normal life?
and he can even progress and help
other addicts during their treatment
and recovery. He can restart his education,
career plans, family reunification
etc. He should however always completely
abstain from all addictive, dependency-producing
substances as there is a danger of
relapse of some abuse or shift to
a new abuse.
CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
Why do parents and families bring
their child or teenager to a child
and adolescent psychiatrist?
Parents and families often worry when
their child or teenager seems to have
a problem which causes them to be
sad, disruptive, rebellious, inattentive,
unable to cope with things, or to
get involved with drugs and alcohol.
They may be concerned about their
child or adolescent’s development,
eating and /or sleeping patterns,
and how they are getting along with
family, friends, and at school. Many
families first discuss their concerns
with a family physician, school counselor,
or clergy. Following this, the family
may be referred to or seek out a Child
and Adolescent Psychiatrist. The Child
and Adolescent Psychiatrist is uniquely
qualified to understand the full range
of factors associated with emotional
difficulties and mental disorders
that can affect children and adolescents.
Are parents and families responsible
for their child's problem?
Parents and families often have this
worry. Some families even delay seeking
help for their child for fear that
they will be blamed. Feeling responsible
for the child's problems or distress
is a normal sign of caring and attachment.
There can be multiple causes for many
of the problems that children and
adolescents experience. Sometimes
the cause of a problem is not known,
but all disorders are treatable. A
Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist
will help parents and families understand
that they should not blame themselves
for their child or adolescent's problem
and resolve the feelings of "Why
me? Why my child?."
What about stigma?
Parents and families are sometimes
concerned about their child being
labeled with a psychiatric disorder.
Just as children and adolescents may
become physically ill, they may experience
emotional and behavioral problems.
Many problems can be completely overcome
and symptoms can almost always be
improved with treatment. Once a child
starts to improve, many parents feel
good telling their friends and relatives:
"Yes, my child did have a significant
problem, but we got the help we needed."
What kind of treatment is offered?
The individual plan of psychiatric
treatment will take into account your
child or adolescent's problems as
well as the strengths that are identified
in your child's personality, your
family, the school and other community
resources. Child and Adolescent Psychiatrists
use a variety of treatment techniques;
e.g., psychotherapies, behavior therapies,
medications, interventions with the
school and family, etc.
How long does psychiatric treatment
Some children and adolescents will
respond to short-term treatment (for
example, up to 12 sessions). When
the disorder(s) has persisted for
a long time or is complicated, a longer
term of treatment may be needed. A
few disorders which are chronic, may
require continuing care. You should
discuss the duration and goals of
treatment with your Child and Adolescent
Psychiatrist after the initial diagnostic
Who is a Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist?
Child and Adolescent Psychiatrists
are physicians who specialize in evaluating,
diagnosing, and treating children
and adolescents with psychiatric disorders
which cause problems with feeling,
thinking, and behavior.
They are specially trained and qualified
to treat infants, children, adolescents,
and adults as individuals, couples,
families, and groups. They practice
in a variety of settings, including
independently in offices, on the staffs
of hospitals, clinics, HMO's, etc.
To Get More Information about any
Diseases click herewww.delhipsychiatricsociety.com